Patient Information

What is chronic kidney disease?

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is common in Australia. Approximately one in seven Australian adults have some degree of CKD and as many as one in three are at risk of developing CKD. As the Australian population ages and the incidence of key conditions such as diabetes increases, the frequency of CKD in Australia will continue to rise.
CKD includes all conditions of the kidney where a person has had evidence of kidney damage and/or reduced kidney function. CKD is classified into five stages (Stage 1 (least severe) to Stage 5 (most severe)).

Although CKD is common, there is a lot we still do NOT know about the various conditions or diseases which lead to CKD, especially in the early stages when symptoms are often not present.  There is also a lot of variation in treatment that is offered and or provided to people with CKD in Australia and we are yet to understand how best to treat some individual diseases that lead to the development of CKD.